Capital city Oslo is the economic hub of Norway, and its ambition to be a green, inclusive and smart city has also made it a champion of sustainable procurement. The city has been pursuing sustainable procurement actions for many years, and has placed a particular focus on reducing greenhouse gas emissions, increasing responsible and circular purchasing, and increasing the share of sustainable food.


    • European Green Capital of the Year 2019.
    • World's first zero emission construction site was successfully established in the city centre of Oslo. The construction work was completed in 2020.
    • "Zero emission technology" policy for all vehicles utilised by the municipality and for deliveries of goods and services for the municipality.
    • Set requirements for sustainable production and an increased share of plant-based and seasonal products.
    • Facilitate the greatest possible reuse, material recycling, recycling, reuse and sharing.
    • The City of Oslo has reduced material consumption through its own procurements, and prioritised products that have components of recycled material, long life, warranty schemes, repair options, return schemes and recyclability.
    • Assess the possibility of upgrading and repairing before new purchases.
    • Introduced requirements for reduced use of disposable plastic products and plastic packaging in new contracts. Assess whether requirements should be set for the use of recycled plastic where this can provide good and more environmentally friendly solutions/products.







      Date joined


      Geir Rossebø

      Coordinator Sustainable Procurement


      WEBSITE (Norwegian)


      More information? Email procurement@iclei.org  



      Oslo aims at being a leader in using public procurement as a strategic tool to achieve our sustainability and climate goals. The city’s Procurement Strategy from 2017 shows a reinforced commitment to sustainable procurement. The main goal of the strategy is the delivery of good and socially responsible solutions in both the short and long term, which are appropriate and cost-efficient.

      The Procurement Strategy has four sub-targets, which seek to ensure that Oslo's procurement effectively contributes to providing citizens and businesses with solutions and services in line with current and future needs, as well as make Oslo greener, more socially inclusive and fair, and a smarter and more innovative city.

      The Strategy is also aligned with Oslo's Climate Budget, which was adopted after the Paris Agreement. The Climate Budget includes measures quantifying the emission cuts needed by 2030, and integrates these into the Financial Budget.

      As a participant in the Global Lead City Network on Sustainable Procurement, Oslo has committed to leading by example globally on SPP.


      • From 2025, only zero emission and biogas vehicles are allowed for transport of goods and services in municipal contracts. The target also applies for vehicles and machines owned by the municipality.
      • Require all zero emission construction sites by 2025.
      • Increase the share of organic food in the city’s procurements to 50%.
      • Reduce food waste in the municipality by 50% by 2030.
      • Halve the meat consumption in Oslo Municipality's canteens and institutions, by the end of 2023.
      • Increase the share of fairtrade-bananas to 70%, fairtrade-coffee to 30% and fairtrade-tea to 10%, by 2022.


      The City of Oslo takes active measures to promote international human rights and ensure that working conditions in the whole supply chain are at minimum in accordance with the Fundamental Human Rights, the ILO Core Conventions and relevant national labour regulations in producing countries. The city uses social criteria in all contracts where production processes imply risks of adverse impacts on international human rights and labour rights. The social criteria is included in the latest regulation adopted in 2017, known as the Oslo Model (Case study available, p. 72).


      Oslo is continuously improving its circular systems in order to make the most out of our resources. The City Council wishes to promote innovation and new jobs in the circular economy, and adopted «Strategy for a sustainable and circular consumption in Oslo (2019-2030)”. The strategy states that the municipality will facilitate a more sustainable consumption, where focus will shift from buying new to taking care of the things that are already in use; share, replace, upgrade, renew and repair. The strategy also emphasizes the importance of reducing material consumption through procurements, e.g. promote needs assessments, prioritize products that have components of recycled material, long lifetimes, warranty schemes, repair options, return schemes and recyclability.
      The City of Oslo has good experience with the reuse of ICT equipment through a collaboration agreement with a work training company. Equipment is made available by the municipality free of charge, and enters a process where products suitable for reuse are upgraded if necessary, and spare parts can be selected before the remaining products is prepared for recycling. The collaboration agreement represents a triple bottom line. It contributes to the environment by keeping resources in the loop and reducing demand for new products, to the society by giving jobs to people falling outside of ordinary work life, and aims at providing functional and more affordable products to those who need them. The City has included a more repairable and environmentally friendly smartphone, which several of the City’s agencies has set as their standard model for work phones. The City has also increased its focus on supporting extended use time for phones and computers within the organization by working to make repairs and internal reuse easier. This is done through setting up internal reuse systems and services, and an increased focus on routines and circular practices.
      In recent years, the City has increased its focus on facilitating more circular consumption patterns, in particular through its central framework agreements. For example, within furniture, where the City has  developed new contracts for redesign and repair of furniture. Soon, the City’s contract for the purchase of furniture will include the purchasing of used furniture. . To increase use-lifetime within important categories, the City has developed new contracts like repair of work shoes, repair of batteries in electric bicycles and a focus on repair of work wear. Through innovative procurement, the City is engaging start-ups to help support more circular thinking when different decision-makers, like users, procurers, and leaders, are making purchasing-related decisions on behalf of the city. That way we aim to connect the circular thinking in needs assessment with the development of circular options in central framework agreements.     
      The City is focusing on reduced and smarter use of plastic. In the agreement for consumables, circular economy relevant award criteria were weighted by 70 %. The criteria concerned  ecolabels and the supplier’s ability to support reduced environmental impact of consumption. A different example is our agreement for medical consumables, in which the City has cooperated with the supplier to reduce the environmental impact of fossil plastic use. This has led to the testing of multi-use packaging with the potential to reduce tonnes of pallet plastic used in the deliveries to the City every year.
      Throughout spring 2023 Oslo had a project with a StartOff-company to develop a prototype of a sharing platform for machines and equipment used in everyday maintenance of public schools. This include machines such as lawn mowers, grass trimmers and leaf blowers. Oslo has around 200 public schools and as of today, every school has their own machine fleet.
      However, limited budgets, storage capacity and challenges with charging infrastructure means that a number of schools are not able to have a complete electric machine fleet that meets the schools’ needs for operation and maintenance. Oslo now explores the possibilities for more sharing between the schools using a digital platform. The goal is to have fewer machines and better maintenance, and still obtain the equivalent operation level as before.


      Many of the City of Oslo’s contracts involves thousands of products manufactured all around the world. To promote human rights and ILO core conventions through Oslo’s procurements of goods, we set social selection criteria and standard contract clauses using Oslo's standard social criteria, adopted by the City Council in 2017. The selection criteria ensures that our suppliers have a management system for labour and human rights issues, and a system for traceability. The city uses social criteria in all contracts where production processes imply risks of adverse impacts on international human rights and labour rights.

      At the contract management stage, we regularly follow up through reporting based on desktop research, follow-up meetings, documentation review and audits. We also regularly exchange with other public buyers and experts to address the systematic challenges in prioritized supply chains.

      Based on risk, the prioritized categories on the City’s citywide framework agreements are ICT (mobiles, tablets and PC’s), food, medical equipment and textile. This means closer follow-up of contracts, collaboration with external experts and other public buyers to address systematic challenges and criteria development. The City has set additional criteria for suppliers to undertake social dialogue at the production site in textile production and requirements to reduce the risk of conflict minerals in agreements on PCs and tablets.

      The city of Oslo is the "Fairtrade capital" of Norway and became the first public player in Norway to offer garments made from fairtrade-certified cotton to the health sector through the joint venture agreement for washing and renting workwear and institutional clothing.

      Through our membership at Ethical Trade Norway, the City of Oslo wishes to signal a strengthened commitment to work for ethical trade through procurement. Our annual member report to Ethical Trade Norway 2019 is available at the Report Database at www.etiskhandel.no


      The City of Oslo continues to be at the forefront in fighting social dumping, work related crime, and ensuring decent labour conditions for workers in our domestic and global supply chains. More than 3 years have passed since the city adopted and introduced the first version of the "Oslo-model". The model is a comprehensive framework of measures and requirements to help combat social dumping, and to promote decent working conditions, using public procurement as a strategic tool. It is a continuous work to further develop and implement the model.

      Regarding domestic supply chains, the model compiles more than 20 requirements, and applies in particular to high-risk industries such as construction and cleaning services.



      Zero Emission Construction Sites

      The City of Oslo has, by public procurement, established the first pilot of a zero emission construction site operated by zero emission machinery only. To initiate market development, there has been organised a broad dialogue with stakeholders aiming at developing a market for zero emission construction vehicles and machinery.

      The pilot has been a success, showing zero emission construction to be possible, with relatively low additional costs. From 2025, all construction sites commissioned by the city of Oslo are to be zero emission. Now, we are moving from pilot projects to roll-out: In 2022, about 80% of water and wastewater construction sites in the city of Oslo are operating on zero emission construction machines. We have seen a shift in this sector from 100% fossil-fuel to near zero emission in only three years. 

      Reducing indirect emissions related to building materials is also an important focus area for the City of Oslo. Several pilots test requirements for recycled as well as low carbon materials. The City Council has established a quantitative target for reducing climate gas emissions related to the climate footprint from the use of materials in buildings.

      Sustainable Food

      In recent years, Oslo has worked systematically to organize policies and work with sustainable and healthy food, and political guidelines for Oslo’s food policy set high demands and goals.  

      The most central guidelines for this work are as follows: 

      • Halve meat consumption in Olso municipality's canteens and institutions by the end of 2023.
      • Reduce food waste in Oslo municipality's own agencies and municipal undertakings by 50% by 2030, and support stakeholders who contribute to reducing food waste in Oslo.
      • Work to reduce food waste in Oslo by 50% per inhabitant by 2030, in accordance with the UN's sustainability goals.
      • Reinforce expertise on good, plant-based food in agencies and municipal undertakings by means of teaching and cooperation with regard to menu planning.
      • Introduce vegetarian food as a standard choice at municipal events.
      • Always offer a fully vegan option.
      • Work to ensure that the content of food and health subjects (in school) is in line with health and environmental advice.
      • Set requirements for sustainable production and good animal welfare in municipal procurement of meat and animal products, for example through requirements for animal welfare labeling.
      • Show solidarity with people who produce goods and services for us elsewhere in the world.
      • Promote the use of climate-friendly menus with seasonal products.
      • Achieve 50 % organic food of the total food purchases for the municipality.
      • Increase the share of fair trade products.

      The responsibility for implementing sustainable and healthy food in Oslo is placed with the Vice Mayor of Finance. The executive body is the Agency for Improvement and Development. The city is preparing a government proposition with the purpose to achieve the city council's ambitions for sustainable and healthy food. The City Council presents strategic priorities in the municipality’s food policy and an action plan with concrete measures to promote sustainable and healthy food in Norway. The City Government proposition also provides suggestions for organizing the food area to ensure sufficient implementation of the guidelines.   

      New city-wide framework agreements on food

      From the beginning of 2023, new suppliers must deliver more sustainable plant-based and seasonal foods. The city is continuously working on how to develop its portfolio of framework agreements, as well as assortment management, to make sustainable alternatives a simple and affordable choice. In addition, the city is focusing on training and other initiatives that lead to more sustainable food consumption.