Capital city Oslo is the economic hub of Norway, and its ambition to be a green, inclusive and smart city has also made it a champion of sustainable procurement. The city has been pursuing sustainable procurement actions for many years, and has placed a particular focus on reducing greenhouse gas emissions, increasing responsible and circular purchasing, and increasing the share of sustainable food.


    • European Green Capital of the Year 2019
    • World’s first zero emission construction site was successfully established in the city centre of Oslo, the construction work was completed in 2020
    • “Zero emission technology” policy for all vehicles utilised by the municipality
    • Set requirements for sustainable production and an increased share of plant-based- and seasonal products
    • Facilitate the greatest possible reuse, material recycling, recycling, reuse and sharing.
    • The City of Oslo has reduced material consumption through its own procurements, and prioritised products that have components of recycled material, long life, warranty schemes, repair options, return schemes and recyclability.
    • Assess the possibility of upgrading and repairing before new purchases.
    • Introduced requirements for reduced use of disposable plastic products and plastic packaging in new contracts. Assess whether requirements should be set for the use of recycled plastic where this can provide good and more environmentally friendly solutions / products.







      Date joined


      Geir Rossebø

      Coordinator Sustainable Procurement


      WEBSITE (Norwegian)


      More information? Email procurement@iclei.org  



      Oslo aims at being a leader in using public procurement as a strategic tool to achieve our sustainability and climate goals. The city’s Procurement Strategy from 2017 shows a reinforced commitment to sustainable procurement. The main goal of the strategy is the delivery of good and socially responsible solutions in both the short and long term, which are appropriate and cost-efficient.
      The Procurement Strategy has four sub-targets, which seek to ensure that Oslo's procurement effectively contributes to providing citizens and businesses with solutions and services in line with current and future needs, as well as make Oslo greener, more socially inclusive and fair, and a smarter and more innovative city.
      The Strategy is also aligned with Oslo's Climate Budget, which was adopted after the Paris Agreement. The Climate Budget includes measures quantifying the emission cuts needed by 2030, and integrates these into the Financial Budget.
      As a participant in the Global Lead City Network on Sustainable Procurement, Oslo has committed to leading by example globally on SPP.


      • From 2025, only zero emission and biogas vehicles are allowed for transport of goods and services in municipal contracts.
      • Require all Zero emission construction sites by 2025
      • Increase the share of organic food in the city’s procurements to 50%
      • Reduce food waste in the municipality by 50% by 2030
      • Halve the meat consumption in Oslo municipality's canteens and institutions, by the end of 2023
      • Increase the share of Fairtrade-bananas to 70%, Fairtrade-coffee to 30% and Fairtrade-tea to 10% by 2022.


      The City of Oslo takes active measures to promote international human rights and ensure that working conditions in the whole supply chain are at minimum in accordance with the Fundamental Human Rights, the ILO Core Conventions and relevant national labour regulations in producing countries. The city uses social criteria in all contracts where production processes imply risks of adverse impacts on international human rights and labour rights. The social criteria is included in the latest regulation adopted in 2017, known as the Oslo Model (Case study available, p. 72).


      Oslo is continuously improving its circular systems in order to make the most out of our resources. The City administration wishes to promote innovation and new jobs in the circular economy. The City Council adopted «Strategy for a sustainable and circular consumption in Oslo (2019-2030)” in December 2019. The strategy states that the municipality will facilitate a more sustainable consumption, where the focus will shift from buying new to taking care of the things that are already in use; share, replace, upgrade, renew and repair. The strategy also emphasizes the importance of reducing material consumption through procurement, by e.g. to promote needs assessments, and to prioritize products that have components of recycled material, long lifetimes, warranty schemes, repair options, return schemes and recyclability.
      The City of Oslo has good experience with the re-use of ICT equipment through a collaboration agreement with a work training company. Equipment is made available by the municipality free of charge, and goes through a process where products suitable for reuse are upgraded if necessary, and spare parts can be selected before the remaining products is prepared for recycling. The collaboration agreement represents a triple bottom line. It contributes to the environment by keeping resources in the loop and reducing demand for new products, to the society by giving jobs to people falling outside of ordinary work life - and aims at providing functional and more affordable products to those who need them, for instance schools and youth centres.


      230 government entities have joined Oslo’s initiative to facilitate contract monitoring of ethical standards in their supply chains. This accomplishment sends a clear signal to the supplier market that public entities are conscious of and committed to their ethical and social responsibilities. Oslo established this project in partnership with the Norwegian Agency for Public and Financial Management (DFØ).

      An important aspect of this project is to share the reports from the various audits on the Procurement Portal (Anskaffelsesportalen) on the Municipality’s website. A common framework where participants share their own reports with the other participants will make the cost of supplier monitoring significantly lower, compared to each institution buying the same service. Suppliers will also save time and money by reaching out to more buyers with the same information.


      The City of Oslo continues to be at the forefront in fighting social dumping, work related crime, and ensuring decent labour conditions for workers in our domestic and global supply chains. More than 3 years has passed since the city adopted and introduced the first version of the “Oslo-model”. The model is a comprehensive framework of measures and requirements to help combat social dumping, and to promote decent working conditions, using public procurement as a strategic tool. It is a continuous work to further develop and implement the model.
      Regarding domestic supply chains, the model compiles more than 20 requirements, and applies in particular to high-risk industries such as construction and cleaning services.



      Zero Emission Construction Sites

      The City of Oslo has, by public procurement, established the first pilot of a zero emission construction site operated by zero emission machinery only. To initiate market development, there has been organised a broad dialogue with stakeholders aiming at developing a market for zero emission construction vehicles and machinery.
      The pilot has been a success, showing zero emission construction to be possible, with relatively low additional costs. From 2025, all construction sites commissioned by the city of Oslo are to be zero emission. The city has gained experience form demanding fossil free construction over the past years, and has adopted fossil free as a minimum requirement in all construction procurements. In 2019, the city also adopted standardized award criteria to promote zero emission machinery.

      Reducing indirect emissions related to building materials is also an important focus area for the City of Oslo. Several pilots test requirements for recycled as well as low carbon materials. The City Council will soon establish a quantitative target for reducing climate gas emissions related to the use of materials.

      Sustainable Food

      The City Council has a strong focus on sustainable food, i.e. by increasing plant-based diets and the amount of organic food, and reduce meat consumption and food waste. The city is continuously working on how to develop its portfolio of framework agreements, as well as assortment management, to make sustainable alternatives a simple and affordable choice. In addition, the city is focusing on training and other initiatives that leads to more sustainable food consumption.